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What is Economic Assistance

What is Economic Assistance

County Connections : Public Health & Human Services

COOK COUNTY, MINNESOTA November 15, 2019  (LSN) Economic assistance refers to any government-run program that assists low-income people with meeting basic needs such as food and shelter. Programs can provide eligible residents with a monthly benefit to purchase food, be paid directly towards shelter expenses like rent or utilities, or provide recipients with money to help them purchase other items of basic need.

Economic assistance is designed to support persons or families who are experiencing financial difficulties. They are not intended to provide for all household needs. For example, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program provides a monthly food benefit to supplement the family's normal food purchases rather than pay for all needed food items.

What Health Care Programs are offered by Cook County PHHS?

Cook County PHHS also administers eligibility and enrollment for many health care programs to meet the needs of different people. Some programs help people who have little or no income. Examples of the people these programs may serve include seniors and those unable to work because of serious illness or disability. Other programs help people who work but do not have access to affordable health insurance for themselves or their children.

How are programs funded and administered?

Economic assistance and health care programs are funded through federal, state and local dollars. In Cook County, staff from the Public Health and Human Services (PHHS) department administers economic assistance and health care programs on behalf of the state and federal governments. Counties must follow strict eligibility guidelines in administering programs. Many economic assistance programs require recipients to work or search for work to continue to be eligible so that they can earn enough income to become self-sufficient.

There are three main types of assistance programs: food and nutrition support, cash support, and health care programs. Listed below are the most common programs administered by PHHS. The list is not all-inclusive and other programs exist that are not covered here.

Food Support

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is a federal program that helps Minnesotans with low income buy the food they need for nutritious and well-balanced meals. Benefits are available through EBT cards that can be used like money.

Cash Support

The Minnesota Family Investment Program (MFIP) and Diversionary Work Program (DWP) are Minnesota’s income assistance programs to help families with low incomes move to financial stability through work. Families and pregnant women who qualify for these programs receive employment support services and job counseling, help with food, child care and other basic needs.


The Child Care Assistance Program (CCAP) helps families with low incomes pay for child care so that parents can work or complete education leading to employment. CCAP benefits are paid directly to the child care provider, not the family.

General Assistance (GA) and Minnesota Supplemental Aid (MSA) are Minnesota’s income assistance programs for adults without children, seniors, and people with disabilities. GA is a monthly cash payment for adults who are unable to work. MSA is a small extra monthly cash benefit for adults who are eligible for federal Supplemental Security Income (SSI).

Health Care Programs

Medical Assistance (MA) is a jointly funded, federal-state program that pays for health care services provided to low-income individuals and families. It is also called Medicaid.

Medicare Savings Programs (MSP) help people who have low income pay the cost of their Medicare coverage.

How many people in Cook County are enrolled in Economic Assistance and Health Care Programs?

As of September 30, 2019, the number of Cook County residents receiving support through PHHS includes:

  • Food and nutrition support through the SNAP program – 122 cases (or households); assisting 202 persons
  • Cash, housing and employment supports through MFIP and DWP – 16 cases (or households); assisting 47 persons
  • Child Care Assistance (CCAP) – 6 cases/families
  • Safety net income to help adults meet basic needs through GA and MSA – 28 cases; assisting 28 persons
  • Health care enrollment and assistance through MA, MSP – 579 cases (or households); assisting 983 persons

In addition to the assistance programs that provide an ongoing monthly benefit to those that qualify, PHHS Financial Eligibility staff also administers programs that provide a one-time benefit: Emergency Assistance and County Funded Burial. Emergency Assistance is available for individuals or families in jeopardy of losing something that is of basic need such as heat, electric, or shelter. County Funded Burials can assist with the immediate burial or cremation of a deceased resident of the County who is otherwise unable to pay the cost of their internment. Applications for these programs can be made to Cook County PHHS.

Cook County PHHS employs four financial eligibility workers, one case aide, and one supervisor in the area of economic assistance and health care programs. Staff works with members of the community to determine initial and ongoing eligibility for all programs and are available during business hours to provide program information and answer questions

How can I apply or learn more?

Applicants may apply for food and cash assistance using a paper application in the PHHS office, via mail or online at ApplyMN ( A same-day interview and issuance of benefits may be available to those who qualify for expedited service based on their available income, assets and housing expenses. Interviews are required for SNAP and cash programs, but these may be conducted over the phone. Applicants may apply for health care using a paper application or online at MNsure ( Please contact Cook County PHHS at 218-387-3620 with any questions about these programs. You may also email the Financial Eligibility staff at

Learn more about economic assistance and heath care programs administered by Cook County PHHS and caseload trends at the November 19 PHHS Board Meeting. Information and resources are also available by calling 218-387-3620 or visiting Cook County PHHS Monday-Friday, from 8 am – 4 pm, at 411 W 2nd St, Grand Marais, MN. Online at or “Like” us on Facebook @CookCountyPHHS  


By: Cook County Public Health & Human Services

County Connections is a column on timely topics and service information from your Cook County government. Cook County – Supporting Community Through Quality Public Service.


About Cook County Minnesota

Cook Country Minnesota   Lake Superior News

Cook County is at the tip of Minnesota's Arrowhead region in the remote northeastern part of the state, stretching from the shores of Lake Superior to the US-Canada border. By land it borders Ontario, Canada to the north, and Lake County, MN to the west.  The highest point in Minnesota, Eagle Mountain is 2,301 feet and the highest lake,  Total Area equals 3,339.72 sq miles

Cook County is home to three national protected areas:
Grand Portage National Monument
Superior National Forest
Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness

Cook County include:
 Grand Marais     Lutsen Mountains
 Gunflint Trail      Superior Hiking Trail
 Grand Portage 

Fall Colors Minnesota
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