THUNDER BAY, ON ----- August 21, 2011 --- Over a very ago Lake Superior News report of Hogweed was creeping across Ontario and Wisconsin. According to the Atikokan Progress it as arrived in Northwestern Ontario this summer. The plant exudes a clear watery sap, which sensitizes the skin to ultraviolet radiation. This can result in severe burns to the affected areas resulting in severe blistering and painful dermatitis.
The Atikokan Progress in a story reported that, Late last month, Alanna Rechlin and Tom Nash spent several hours removing a Giant Hogweed, the first ever spotted in Northwestern Ontario, from an Atikokan garden,
Rechlin, who heads the Atikokan Horticultural Society, first noticed the plant in a member’s garden here last summer.
“All the signs were there – I am sure it was a Giant Hogweed. It had to be ten to twelve feet tall, with the big [umbrella-shaped] flowering head. The stem had these purplish spots, and down nearer the ground it was almost all purple,” she said.
In addition, the leaves were sharply pointed (Cow Parsnip leaves are rounded at the end) and the stem was covered in coarse, whisker-like hairs (Cow Parsnip stems are smooth). Giant Hogweed flowers are white; those of the Cow Parsnip are yellow.
Nash agreed the plant was likely a Giant Hogweed, and the two carefully cut down and removed it, and dug out as much of the root system as they could. They wore goggles, rubber gloves, rubber boots and heavy-duty coveralls, as per provincial recommendations
Giant hogweed weed that can grow six metres tall, sprout massive leaves and produce toxic, blindness inducing sap is creeping across Ontario and Wisconsin, however at this time no reports in Minnesota . and parts of British Columbia. The sap can result in severe burns to the affected areas of the skin resulting in severe blistering and painful dermatitisThe leaves on the weed fan out as much as 1.5 metres in diameter.
DO NOT TOUCH THIS PLANT. The plant exudes a clear watery sap, which sensitizes the skin to ultraviolet radiation. This can result in severe burns to the affected areas resulting in severe blistering and painful dermatitis. These blisters can develop into purplish or blackened scars. Proliferating populations in urban and suburban areas represents an increasing public health hazard.
obviously avoid physical contact with this plant
trail maintenance volunteers are the most vulnerable
the sap contains furanocoumarin that causes the skin to be photosensitive
it is an introduced perennial plant that can grow 4 – 6 metres (15 - 20 feet) tall
it belongs to the carrot or parsley family
it is similar to our native Cow-Parsnip (Heraculeum maximum)
About this Plant
Giant Hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum) is a member of the parsley or carrot family, Apiaceae (Umbelliferae). It is characterized by its size and may grow to 5 to 7 metres in height. It is similar to Cow-Parsnip, (Heraculeum maximum or Heracleum lanatum). It has a stout dark reddish-purple stem and spotted leaf stalks. The stalks and stem produce sturdy pustulate bristles. The stem and stalks are hollow and the stems may be 5 to 10 cm in diameter. The compound leaves of giant hogweed may reach breadths of over one metre. Each leaflet is deeply incised. The inflorescence (flower cluster) is a broad flat-topped umbel composed of many small white florets. Each inflorescence/umbel may attain a diameter of 0.7 m.
Giant hogweed is native to the Caucasus Mountains and southwestern Asia. It was introduced to the gardens of Europe, the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States. It readily escaped and has naturalized in many of the places where it was first introduced. Growing along streams in Ontario, on Vancouver Island, and in Great Britain it forms a dense canopy out-competing native riverbank species and results in an increase in soil erosion along the stream banks where it occurs.
Giant hogweed often grows in wet areas but may colonize a wide variety of habitats such as along roadsides, other rights-of-way, vacant lots, streams and rivers.
For More Information:
For Images of the Giant Hogweed Plant